Exploring Two Popular Non-Power Racking Systems: Drive-In Racking and Push Back Racking


In the realm of logistics storage systems, there are various types of racking systems designed to efficiently store pallets. These systems can be broadly categorized as power and non-power systems. While power systems rely on electrically operated mechanisms, non-power systems make use of manual power, typically through the use of forklifts. Among the non-power racking systems, two models have emerged as widely adopted solutions: Drive-In Racking and Push Back Racking.

Drive-In Racking and Push Back Racking are both renowned for their ability to maximize storage space and optimize warehouse operations. These systems cater to warehouses with high-density storage needs and are particularly effective in managing large quantities of the same type of product or SKU.

In this article, we will delve into the advantages and disadvantages of these non-power racking systems, shedding light on their distinct features, functionalities, and operational considerations. By understanding the unique characteristics of Drive-In Racking and Push Back Racking, warehouse managers and logistics professionals can make informed decisions regarding the most suitable racking system for their specific requirements.

By providing an in-depth analysis of these racking systems, we aim to empower readers with the knowledge needed to enhance storage efficiency, improve safety, and optimize workflow within their warehousing operations. Whether it is a consideration of cost-effectiveness, space utilization, operational limitations, or safety concerns, this article will serve as a comprehensive guide to help readers navigate the complexities of selecting the appropriate racking system.


Drive-In Racking:

Drive-In Racking is known for its simplicity and cost-effectiveness, making it a popular choice in non-power racking systems. It features a straightforward structure that allows for easy installation and maintenance. The low complexity of this racking system results in a relatively lower cost compared to some other options in the market.

One of the key advantages of Drive-In Racking is its affordability. The cost per tray storage location typically ranges from $30 to $50 USD, making it an attractive choice for warehouses with budget constraints. This cost advantage stems from its basic design, which requires fewer components and simpler installation processes.

However, Drive-In Racking has its limitations and drawbacks. The most significant disadvantage is the need for forklift trucks to operate inside the racks. This poses inherent dangers due to limited visibility and insufficient lighting within the shelves. Forklift operators face challenges in maneuvering and accessing pallets safely, potentially leading to accidents or damage to the racks.

Furthermore, the space utilization rate of Drive-In Racking is relatively low, typically ranging from 60% to 75%. This means that a significant portion of the available storage space remains unutilized. Additionally, Drive-In Racking is not suitable for operations in spaces exceeding 6 meters, as stability becomes compromised at greater heights.

In terms of efficiency, Drive-In Racking follows the first-in, first-out (FIFO) principle. This means that the pallets that are stored first are the last to be accessed. Retrieving a specific pallet can be time-consuming, as the entire rack needs to be cleared to reach the desired item. This limits the flexibility of the system for warehouses requiring frequent access to individual pallets.


2. Push Back Racking

Push Back Racking offers advantages over Drive-In Racking by addressing some of the safety concerns associated with forklift operation within the racks. This type of racking system enhances stability and improves safety through its design.

The primary advantage of Push Back Racking lies in its enhanced stability. The frames of the racks are connected by beams, providing additional support and rigidity to the structure. This configuration minimizes the risk of accidents or structural failures during loading and unloading operations.

However, Push Back Racking comes at a higher cost compared to Drive-In Racking. The estimated price per storage location ranges from $110 to $150 USD, which can be a significant investment for warehouses with budget limitations. The increased cost is attributed to the additional components required for the beam-connected frames and the enhanced stability they provide.

Another limitation of Push Back Racking is its capacity. This type of racking system is generally limited to a maximum of five tray locations on a single side. Therefore, it may not be suitable for warehouses with a high volume of storage needs or large quantities of the same product.

Similar to Drive-In Racking, Push Back Racking also operates on the FIFO principle. This means that the first pallet stored is the last one to be accessed. Retrieving specific pallets can be time-consuming, as the lower pallets need to be unloaded first before reaching the desired item. This may slow down the overall retrieval process and reduce efficiency for warehouses requiring frequent access to individual pallets.



In summary, Drive-In Racking offers simplicity and cost-effectiveness, but it has limitations in terms of safety, space utilization, and cargo access efficiency. On the other hand, Push Back Racking addresses some safety concerns through enhanced stability but comes at a higher cost and has capacity limitations.

Both systems operate on the FIFO principle, which may impact efficiency for certain warehouse operations. Choosing the most suitable racking system depends on the specific needs, budget, and operational requirements of the warehouse.

Should you be interested in further information or wish to make inquiries about warehouse racking systems and storage equipment, please reaching out to Aceally Group directly. Our expertise, backed by over 20 years of experience, ensures accurate and up-to-date guidance in this field.

driven-in racking vs push back racking

Post time: May-19-2023